It can be daunting to sort through your state’s Motor Vehicle Code in order to figure out electric bike laws. Here are state by state guides and resources to understand your state’s e-bike law for the road and trails, and more resources on advocating for better access in your area.
State by State E-Bike Guides
National E-Bike Policy Information
- Primer on e-bike policies in the U.S.
- State Electric Bicycle Laws from the National Conference of State Legislatures (a great resource for state legislators)
- California e-bike incentive program (Senate Bill 400)
Trying to Pass an E-Bike Law?
- Model e-bike legislation
- FAQs on why e-bike legislation is needed and common questions
- Visual overview of the e-bike initiative
- Industry letter of support for updated e-bike legislation
- Images of e-bikes vs. mopeds
- Picture of e-bike components and overview of three classes
- Examples of e-bike classification stickers
- Use California e-bike law (AB 1096) as an example:
- Helpful stories on our E-Bike blog
- Background info on our webinars
- International examples of purchase incentives for e-bikes (Sweden & U.K.)
- E-bikes allowed on Amtrak trains
Vehicles that are not Class 1, 2, or 3 Electric Bicycles
The BPSA has developed this policy position on Out of Class Electric Vehicle (OCEVs).
The bicycle industry has created Class 1, 2, and 3 designations for Low Speed Electric Bicycles (LSEBs) to clarify and describe their respective capabilities, and to support the enactment of appropriate legislation and regulations regarding LSEB equipment and usage on transportation and recreational facilities. Class 1, 2 and 3 LSEBs are classified as “electric bicycles” by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission and regulated by that agency under 16 C.F.R. Section 1512.
By definition, OCEVs are not LSEBs and should not be labeled, marketed, or sold as LSEBs. LSEBs should not be modified by retailers or consumers to exceed the specifications of their class as manufactured. The use of OCEVs on facilities designed and designated for the use of bicycles and LSEBs may result in user conflicts and jeopardize the BPSA’s ongoing efforts to promote uniform laws and gain wider acceptance and access for LSEBs.
Read the complete policy position here.
Read the media and messaging guide for this policy here.