Federal Electric Bike Policies

Progressive State & Local E-Bike Regulations

  • Local
    • Jefferson County (Colorado) allows Class 1 e-bikes wherever a bike is allowed, including on singletrack trails open to mountain bikes.
    • Santa Clara County Parks (California) allows e-bikes anywhere bicycles are allowed.
    • Durango (Colorado) allows Class 1 e-bikes on paved city trails after a yearlong trial.
    • Ada County (Idaho) allows Class 1 e-bikes on its 125-mile bike park for a year long pilot period.
    • Boise (Idaho) allows Class 1 and 2 e-bikes on city streets, sidewalks, bike lanes, and Greenbelt paths.
    • Maricopa County (Arizona) allows Class 1 and 2 e-bikes anywhere a traditional bike is allowed, including on singletrack.
    • South Mountain Park (Phoenix) allows Class 1 and 2 e-bikes anywhere a traditional bike is allowed, including on singletrack.
    • Fairfax County (Virginia) allows e-bikes where bikes are allowed.
  • State:
    • E-bikes are allowed in state parks in CO, DE, FL, LA, MO, MN, ND, NV, UT.
    • The Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources issued revised guidelines on the legality of e-bikes on Pennsylvania State Forest trails, allowing Class 1 eMTBs anywhere a traditional bike is allowed.
    • Wyoming State Parks is planning to allow Class 1 e-bikes where traditional bikes are allowed in state parks, and planning to conduct a pilot program evaluating the potential to add Class 2 e-bikes to trails.
    • Colorado Parks and Wildlife allows Class 1 and 2 e-bikes where traditional bikes are allowed.

Land Manager Handbook

The land manager handbook was developed in partnership with the bicycling industry and the U.S. Bureau of Land Management (BLM), in consultation with professional trail builders. It is intended to be a practical field resource for the planning, design, construction, maintenance, and management of electric mountain bike trails.

The above link takes the reader to a low-resolution version of the book, convenient for downloading. For a high-resolution or print version, please contact Morgan Lommele ([email protected]).

eMTB Loan Program

PeopleForBikes makes available Class 1 electric mountains to land management agencies who would like to borrow one for a short period of time to test out the e-bikes on their trails and bicycling facilities. PeopleForBikes arranges to ship the e-bikes to and from a bicycle retailer within close proximity of a workplace, and arranges for the e-bike to be assembled by the retailer. The land management agency is expected to pick up and drop off the e-bike from the bicycle retailer, use and share the e-bike as appropriate, and provide feedback to PeopleForBikes. This program is free of charge.

Since 2017, 25+ land managers from 15+ agencies – local, state, and federal – took advantage of this program.

Contact Morgan Lommele ([email protected]) for more information.

Best Management Practices for eMTB Trail Design


Informational Resources