In this section
- Cost of automobiles and dependence on foreign oil
- Cost of inactivity, overweight, and obesity
- Economic benefits of bicycling facilities and transporation
- Economic benefits of the bicycling industry and tourism
Cost of automobiles and dependence on foreign oil
Nearly 1 million people have died in motor vehicle crashes in the last 25 years in the U.S. In 2014, about 90 people died every day in car crashes.
AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, 2015 - 2015 Traffic Safety Culture Index
The average fuel efficiency of today's U.S.vehicle fleet has increased just 3.6 MPG since the days of the Ford Model T. Fuel efficiency has barely increased since 1991.
Sivak, M., and Schoettle, B., 2015 - Fuel Efficiency of Vehicles on US Roads: 1923–2016, Energy Policy, 37, 3168-3170
In 2014, congestion caused 6.9 billion hours of travel delay and 3.1 billion gallons of wasted fuel, equaling a cost of more than $160 billion.
Schrank, D. et al., 2015 - 2015 Urban Mobility Scorecard
One mile of roadway planned through Golden Gate Park is 1,283 times more expensive to San Franciscans than one mile of protected bike lane.
San Francisco Bicycle Coalition - No, protected bike lanes are probably not too expensive for your city to build
The US is responsible for a quarter of global oil consumption. The transportation sector accounts for two-thirds of this.
US Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, 2007 - in Jacobson, S., and D. King, 2009, Measuring the potential for automobile fuel savings in the US: The impact of obesity, Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 14, 6-13
Cost of inactivity, overweight, and obesity
If cycling participation increased enough to reduce obesity by about 3%, national medical expenditures could be reduced by $6 billion.
Rashad, I., 2008 - Cycling: An increasingly untouched source of physical and mental health, National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper Series, 12929
The annual cost of obesity to employers ranges from $175 for every overweight male employee to $2,485 for every grade-II (BMI 30-40) obese female.
Finkelstein, E., et al., 2005 - The costs of obesity among full-time employees, American Journal of Health Promotion, 20, 45-51
The annual individual medical cost of inactivity ($622) is more than 2 ½ times the annual cost per user of bike and pedestrian trails ($235).
Wang, G., et al., 2004 - Cost analysis of the built environment: The case of bike and pedestrian trails in Lincoln, Neb, American Journal of Public Health, 94, 549-53
Economic benefits of bicycling facilities and transporation
Trails in the Miami Valley of Ohio attract about 90,000 visitors who spend $13 million on goods and services related to their use of the trails every year.
Miami Valley Regional Planning Commission, 2013 - Miami Valley Trail User Survey Report
Each kilometer cycled in Denmark produces an estimated benefit of 24 cents for all of society; each kilometer driven, meanwhile, costs society about 84 cents.
Copenhagen City of Cyclists - Copenhagen City of Cyclists: Bicycle Account 2014
Economic benefits of the bicycling industry and tourism
The Wisconsin bicycle industry brings $556 million and 3,420 jobs to the state.
Bicycle Federation of Wisconsin and Wisconsin Department of Transportation - The Economic Impact of Bicycling in Wisconsin
The quality of bicycling in the northern Outer Banks region positively impacts vacationers' planning: 12% report staying three to four days longer to bicycle; 43% report that bicycling is an important factor in their decision to come to the area; 53% report that bicycling will strongly influence their decision to return to the area in the future
North Carolina Department of Transportation Division of Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation, 2004 - The Economic Impact of Investments in Bicycle Facilities: A Case Study of the North Carolina Northern Outer Banks