It can be daunting to sort through your state’s traffic laws in order to figure out electric bike laws. Here are state by state guides and resources to understand your state’s electric bicycle law for the road and trails, and more resources on advocating for better access in your area.

State by State Electric Bicycle Guides

Alabama Hawaii Massachusetts New Mexico South Dakota
Alaska Idaho Michigan New York Tennessee
Arizona Illinois Minnesota North Carolina Texas
Arkansas Indiana Mississippi North Dakota Utah
California Iowa Missouri Ohio Vermont
Colorado Kansas Montana Oklahoma Virginia (Click here for D.C.)
Connecticut Kentucky Nebraska Oregon Washington
Delaware Louisiana Nevada Pennsylvania West Virginia
Florida Maine New Hampshire Rhode Island Wisconsin
Georgia Maryland New Jersey South Carolina Wyoming


National Electric Bicycle Law and Policy Overview


Electric Bicycle Informational Resources


Electric Bicycle Purchase Incentives


Electric Bicycle Share Programs


Vehicles that are not Class 1, 2, or 3 Electric Bicycles

The bicycle industry created Class 1, 2, and 3 designations for Low Speed Electric Bicycles (LSEBs) to clarify and describe their respective capabilities, and to support the enactment of appropriate legislation and regulations regarding LSEB equipment and usage on transportation and recreational facilities. Class 1, 2 and 3 LSEBs are classified as “electric bicycles” by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission and regulated by that agency under 16 C.F.R. Section 1512. To differentiate LSEBs from Out of Class Electric Vehicle (OCEVs), PeopleForBikes developed a policy position that outlines how OCEVs are not LSEBs and should not be labeled, marketed, or sold as LSEBs. LSEBs should not be modified by retailers or consumers to exceed the specifications of their class as manufactured. The use of OCEVs on facilities designed and designated for the use of bicycles and LSEBs may result in user conflicts and jeopardize PeopleForBikes’ ongoing efforts to promote uniform laws and gain wider acceptance and access for LSEBs.

Read the media and messaging guide for this policy here.


Some Outside Resources…