It can be daunting to sort through your state’s Motor Vehicle Code in order to figure out electric bike laws. Here are state by state guides, and resources to help you pass a progressive e-bike law in your state or city. Each guide includes laws for the road, laws for trails and electric mountain bike guidelines. Every state’s law is different, but the objective is to ensure that low-speed e-bikes are regulated similarly to traditional, human-powered bicycles. See each state for specifics.
State by State E-Bike Guides
National E-Bike Policy Information
- Primer on e-bike policies in the U.S.
- Spreadsheet of U.S. e-bike laws
- State Electric Bicycle Laws from the National Conference of State Legislatures (a great resource for state legislators)
Trying to Pass an E-Bike Law?
- Model e-bike legislation
- Letter of support for progressive e-bike laws from the bicycle industry
- Thank you to 2017 e-bike supporters
- Images of e-bikes vs. mopeds
- Examples of e-bike labeling by class
- Use California e-bike law (AB 1096) as an example:
- Find helpful stories on our E-Bike blog
- Get more background info by listening to our webinars
- International examples of purchase incentives for e-bikes (Sweden & U.K.)
Vehicles that are not Class 1, 2, or 3 Electric Bicycles
The BPSA has developed this policy position on Out of Class Electric Vehicle (OCEVs).
The bicycle industry has created Class 1, 2, and 3 designations for Low Speed Electric Bicycles (LSEBs) to clarify and describe their respective capabilities, and to support the enactment of appropriate legislation and regulations regarding LSEB equipment and usage on transportation and recreational facilities. Class 1, 2 and 3 LSEBs are classified as “electric bicycles” by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission and regulated by that agency under 16 C.F.R. Section 1512.
By definition, OCEVs are not LSEBs and should not be labeled, marketed, or sold as LSEBs. LSEBs should not be modified by retailers or consumers to exceed the specifications of their class as manufactured. The use of OCEVs on facilities designed and designated for the use of bicycles and LSEBs may result in user conflicts and jeopardize the BPSA’s ongoing efforts to promote uniform laws and gain wider acceptance and access for LSEBs.
Read the complete policy position here.
Read the media and messaging guide for this policy here.